Control of Radio-active Substances Act, 1964
Act 23 of 1964
- Commenced on 1 May 1964
- [This is the version of this document at 1 December 1998.]
1. Short titleThis Act may be cited as the Control of Radio-active Substances Act, 1964.
2. InterpretationIn this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—“adequate protection” means protection against external radiation and against the intake of radio-active material in such a manner that the radiation dose received by a person from sources, external and internal, to the body does not exceed the maximum levels permitted by this Act;“adequate shielding” means, in relation to a plant or an apparatus housing sources of ionizing radiation, shielding against ionizing radiation by the use of lead or other suitable material as appropriate or by distance in such a manner that the radiation dose, at any point on the outer surface of the shielding or on the perimeter of any demarcating barrier around the plant, apparatus or source, cannot exceed in forty hours the prescribed maximum permissible weekly dose;“authorization” means authorization referred to in section 6;“doctor” means a person registered, or licensed to practise as a medical practitioner under the Medical and Dental Practitioner’s Act No. 3 of 1970;“external radiation” means radiation received by the body from radio-active sources external to it;“ionizing radiation” means electromagnetic or corpuscular radiation capable of producing ions directly or indirectly in its passage through matter and emitted from radio-active substance;“inspector” means an inspector appointed by section 4;“Minister” means the Minister for Enterprise and Employment;“monitoring equipment” means equipment suitable for detecting and measuring the dose-rate in an occupied area or the dose received by a person or radio-active contamination of any substance;“person authorized” means a person to whom an authorization is issued or transferred in accordance with this Act;“process” means any operation involving the production, emissions or use of ionizing radiation;“radiation staff” means any person who is potentially exposed to radiation or radio-active substances as a result of his occupation and is for the time being so designated in the health register by the person authorised;“radio-active substance” means a substance which consists of, or contains any radio-active chemical element, whether natural or artificial, the specific activity of which exceeds 0.002 of a microcurie per gramme of parent radio-active chemical element of substance and which has a total activity of more than 0.1 microcurie;“sealed source” means a radio-active source of ionizing radiation, which is firmly bonded in material or sealed in a cover of sufficient mechanical strength so as to exclude the possibility of contact with the radio-isotope and the dispersion of radio-active material into the environment under foreseeable conditions of use and wear;“unsealed source” means radio-active source that does not comply with the specifications for a sealed source.
3. ApplicationThis Act applies to any place, premises, operation, process and work in which a radio-active substance, sealed or otherwise, is, or is proposed to be, stored, manipulated, operated or used otherwise than for medical purposes.
4. Inspector of radio-active substances
6. Prohibition of use, without authorization, of radio-active isotopes
7. When authorization may be transferredNo authorization shall be transferred without the consent of an inspector endorsed thereon.
8. Cancellation of authorizationAn inspector may cancel an authorization where—
10. PenaltiesA person who is guilty of an offence under this Act shall be liable, on conviction—
11. IndemnityNo action or any other kind of legal proceeding, civil or criminal, shall be instituted in a court against any person or an inspector, or any person acting pursuant to a direction given by the inspector under section 4(2), in respect of anything done in good faith, and done, or purporting to have been done, in the execution of the functions, of that person or inspector under this Act or pursuant to such direction, as the case may be.
History of this document
01 December 1998 this version
01 May 1964