First Schedule (Under Regulation 3)
Steps to prevent the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19)
Every person shall use the following steps to prevent the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) -(a)wash hands frequently with soap and water for 40 seconds;(b)an alcohol based hand sanitizer with 70% alcohol must be used for 20 seconds;(c)if hands are dirty or soiled, do not use an alcohol based hand sanitizer, rather wash hands with soap and water;(d)when coughing or sneezing cover nose and mouth with handkerchief or paper tissue. Dispose of tissue immediately after use and wash hands;(e)if handkerchief or tissue paper is not available cough into a flexed elbow;(f)refrain from touching face, mouth, nose and eyes;(g)stay at least a metre away from those coughing or sneezing;(h)monitor your body temperature; and
Second Schedule (Under Regulation 8 and 14)
Home quarantine or isolation measures1.(1)A home quarantined or isolated person shall-(a)stay in a well-ventilated single-room preferably with an attached or separate toilet. If another family member needs to stay in the same room, it is advisable to maintain a distance of at least one (1) meter between the two.(b)stay away from contact with elderly people, pregnant women, children and persons with co-morbidities within the household.(c)restrict movement within the house.(d)under no circumstances attend any social or religious gathering which include but not limited weddings and night vigils(2)A home quarantined or isolated person shall, follow the under mentioned public health measures at all times, -(a)wash their hands as often thoroughly with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand sanitizer;(b)avoid sharing household items such kitchen utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with other people at home;(c)wear a surgical mask at all the time and ensure that the mask is changed every 6-8 hours and disposed of;(d)disinfect masks used by patients, care givers, or close contacts during home care using ordinary bleach solution containing (5%) or sodium hypochlorite solution containing (1%) which shall be disposed off either by burning or deep burial;(e)consider used masks as considered as potentially infected; and(f)immediately inform the nearest health centre or call 977, if symptoms appear such as cough, fever or difficulty in breathing,2.(1)Family members of a home quarantined or isolated person shall -(a)ensure that only an assigned family member shall be tasked with taking care of such person;(b)avoid touching the soiled linen or direct contact with skin;(c)use disposable gloves when cleaning the surfaces or handling soiled linen;(d)wash their hands after removing gloves;(e)not allow visitors into their house.(2)In case the person is being quarantined becomes symptomatic, all their close contacts shall be home quarantined for fourteen (14) days and followed up for an additional fourteen (14) days or until the report of that person turns out negative on lab testing.(3)The following environmental sanitation requirements shall be observed in a home quarantine or isolation place or facility-(a)clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces in the quarantined person’s room such as bed, frames and tables daily with one (1%) Sodium Hypochlorite Solution;(b)clean and disinfect toilet surfaces daily with regular household bleach solution or phenolic disinfectants; and(c)clean the clothes and other linen used by the person separately using common household detergent and dry.3.A home quarantine or isolation period shall be for fourteen of (14) days from contact with a confirmed case or earlier if a suspect case of whom the index person is a contact turns out negative on laboratory testing.
Use of medical masks by general public
Types of medical masks1.There are different types of medical masks characterized by different sizes and shapes available in the markets, the common ones being -(a)flat pleated masks of woven fabric which cover the nose and mouth and are worn behind the head with straps or elastic fasteners; and(b)conical or duck bill shaped masks with valves or without valves that fit in the contour of the face over the nose and mouth.
Use of masks by general public2.(1)Medical masks should not be used by healthy persons who do not have any smptoms of COVID-19 as this creates a false sense of security that can lead to neglecting other essential measures such as washing of hands.(2)There is no scientific evidence to show health benefits of using masks for healthy persons in the community.(3)Erroneous use of masks or continuous use of a disposable masks periods longer than six (6) hours or repeated use of same mask may actually increase the risk of getting an infection and may cause persons to incur unnecessary costs.
When to use medical masks3.(1)Members of the public may use medical three layer masks when ill to prevent infection from spreading to others and wash your their hand frequently to avoid spreading infection to others.(2)A medical three (3) layer mask shall be used -(a)when a person develops cough or fever;(b)while visiting a healthcare facility;(c)when one is caring for an ill person; and(d)by close family contacts of a suspected or confirmed case undergoing home care.
Duration for which a medical mask will remain effective4.A medical mask, if properly worn, will be effective for 8 hours, if the mask gets damp it should be changed immediately.
Correct procedure of wearing triple layer mask5.When wearing a medical mask, the steps given below need to be carefully followed and if the steps are not followed this might lead to infection from the mask –(a)unfold the pleats make sure that they are facing down;(b)place over nose, mouth and chin;(c)fit flexible nose piece (a metallic strip that can easily be located) over nose-bridge;(d)secure with tie strings (upper string to be tied on top of head above the ears – lower string at the back of the neck.);(e)ensure there are no gaps on either side of the mask, adjust to fit;(f)while in use, avoid touching the mask;(g)do not let the mask hang from the neck;(h)change the mask every after six hours or as soon as it becomes damp;(i)while removing the mask great care must be taken not to touch the potentially contaminated outer surface of the mask;(j)to remove mask first untie the string below and then the string above and handle the mask using the upper strings; and(k)disposable masks are never to be reused and should be disposed of right away.
Disposal of used masks6.(1)Used masks shall be considered as potentially infected.(2)Masks used by patients, care givers, close contacts during home care shall be disinfected using ordinary bleach solution (5%) or sodium hypochlorite solution (1%) and then disposed of either by burning or deep burial.Themba Nhlanganiso MasukuDeputy Prime Minister